Alteration of the mechanical behaviour of polypropylene owing to successive introduction of multiwall carbon nanotubes and stretching
Katerelos, Dionisiοs G.
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Stretching effects on the morphology of polypropylene/carbon nanotube composites is the focus of this work. The material under investigation was composed of isotactic polypropy lene (iPP) and multiwall car bon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in amount of 0.5 wt.%. The iPP and CNTs were mixed under sonication in a solvent, and the homogenized mixture was melted and pressed. The rectangular plates produced from the material were stretched by a constant load at a fixed temperature in order to obtain extended specimens. The scanning electron microscopy, a thermal gravimetric analysis, and the differential scanning calorimetry were employed to study variations in the structural morphology of the material. A dynamic mechanical analysis showed that the strain-induced crystallization of polypropylene and the possible Stone–Wales transformation of the carbon nanotubes due to stretching improved the mechanical performance of the nanocomposites considered.