Axial strain redistribution resulting from off-axis ply cracking in polymer composites
Katerelos, Dionisiοs G.
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The initial mode of damage in multidirectional composites is the accumulation of matrix cracks in the off-axis plies. Remote laser Raman spectroscopy, using aramid (Kevlar 49®) fibers as Raman strain sensors, has been employed to monitor the local strains in cracked crossply composites. The strain magnification in the 0° ply caused by 90° matrix cracking are measured at different levels of loading. A relationship between the values of strain magnification and the distance between the position of the fibers sensors vis-à-vis the crack front has been established. The effect of damage progression within the 0° plies on the remaining∕surviving glass fibers is modeled satisfactorily and verified against predictions on the basis of a generalized plane strain model by assuming that the 90° ply “expands” in relative size against the 0° ply thickness.